Here is a post written by Audrey. I hope this will be the first of many. It’s our ambition here to make this a forum for our kids and some other young friends to share their good insights on their literature assignments. It’s our hope that some comments will be generated and that we can improve our ability to think about the world from a Christian perspective.
Concerning New Principalities
‘A wise man ought to always follow the
paths beaten by great men, and imitate their ways, so that if his ability does not equal theirs, he will at least savour it.’
– The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli
Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian realist and political thinker during the early 1500’s who has maintained an infamous reputation throughout history for his teachings on Political conduct, and for The Prince, a book he wrote as a practical guide for ruling in 1513. Machiavelli thoroughly studied great rulers of old and described their different ruling tactics. He wrote The Prince as a tool aspiring rulers might use to learn to govern effectively. The tactics he describes in his book have been used by many rulers throughout history, and have earned the title “Machiavellian”described by the Old English Dictionary as “the employment of cunning and duplicity in statecraft or in general conduct”.
Machiavelli put great emphasis on was the importance of following previous ruler’s by example. In one way or another, we all have individuals whom we imitate and strive to measure up to. Machiavelli wrote that rulers should do the same. He said that a man should follow in the foot steps of a great ruler of history, so that if that man’s ability does not fully measure up to his ideal’s, he will still grasp it to some degree.
Machiavelli refers to several historical figures and one of the most prominent of these is Alexander the Great. Alexander was merciless as a conquerer, but when he had successfully conquered the Persians, he allowed them to live in the manner to which they were accustomed. This type of strategy is exactly what Machiavelli recommends. He writes that a ruler should be ruthless at the beginning, in order to show the people that he will not tolerate rebellion, and that he should adjust to the peoples way of life, so that they would not have a reason to rebel.
Another ruler who used this tactic was Charlemagne. Although he was not mentioned by Machiavelli, he used the same strategy as Alexander the Great.
When he conquered the Saxons, he forced them to convert to Christianity, and brutally tortured and killed those who did not. When he had gained their complete compliance, he worked hard to make sure all the people were treated well and followed the laws accordingly.
Rulers throughout history used Machiavellian tactics. Another more modern example is Adolf Hitler who was a ruthless combatant, killing millions of people in order to achieve his goal. One quote from him elucidates this perfectly:
‘I have given orders to my Death Units to exterminate
without mercy men, women, and children belonging to
the Polish speaking race. It is only in this manner that
we can acquire the vital territory which we need. After
all, who remembers today the extermination of the Armenians?
This is almost exactly what Machiavelli encourages in his book.
Though Machiavelli’s teachings are generally deemed violent and extreme, he does have some ideas that we can use for good. He writes that a ruler should adjust to the comforts of the people, rather than have them adjust to his. His teachings in chapter VI, on following the example of an ideal, can also be used when as Christians, we apply this to ourselves by striving to imitate Jesus Christ. Even though we can not possibly reach his standards, we can set an example for fellow and non-Christians. By imitating him, we set a goal for ourselves to walk with Christ and Glorify him in all things.
So though Machiavelli’s ideas were corrupt, we can still, with caution and wisdom, apply some of them to our lives. God uses even the greatest evil to bring Glory to himself and to teach us to do the same.